The Agreement on Agriculture (the Agreement) came into force on 1 January 1995. The preamble to the agreement recognizes that the long-term objective of the reform process under the Uruguay Round reform programme is to establish a fair and market-oriented agricultural trade system. The reform agenda includes specific commitments to reduce support and protection in the areas of domestic support, export subsidies and market access, as well as by defining more effective and effective GATT rules and disciplines. The agreement also takes into account non-trade issues, including food security and the need to protect the environment, and provides developing countries with special and differentiated treatment, including improving opportunities and conditions of access to agricultural products of particular export interest to these members. The agreement has been criticized by civil society groups for reducing customs protection for small farmers, an important source of income in developing countries, while allowing rich countries to continue subsidizing agriculture in their own countries. Introduction to agricultural trade in the WTO Links to the agricultural department of the WTO guide “WTO agreement” The European Parliament has always closely followed the progress of multilateral negotiations in general and agricultural negotiations in particular. A number of resolutions illustrate this interest (for example. (B) the resolution of 18 December 1999 at the third Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization in Seattle; 13 December 2001, on the WTO meeting in Doha; 12 February 2003 on the WTO negotiations on agricultural trade; September 25, 2003, through the fifth Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization in Cancun; 1 December 2005 on the preparation of the sixth WTO Ministerial Conference in Hong Kong; 4 April 2006, 9 October 2008, 16 December 2009, 14 September 2011, 21 November 2013 and 26 November 2015 for the Doha Round assessment; and 15 November 2017 on multilateral negotiations for the 11th WTO Ministerial Conference in Buenos Aires). The European Parliament has always asked the European Commission to protect the interests of European producers and consumers, as well as the interests of farmers in countries with which the European Union has had particularly close relations in the past (ACP countries). In 1999, at the beginning of the “millennium cycle”, he expressed his support for the European Union negotiators` approach to defending the European agricultural model, which is based on the multifunctionality of the agricultural enterprise. He reiterated this support in several resolutions, which also stressed the importance of explicitly recognizing “non-commercial concerns” and taking into account public requirements for food safety, environmental protection, food quality and animal welfare. Recalling further that the aforementioned long-term objective is to allow a substantial gradual reduction in agricultural aid and land protection, which are maintained over an agreed period, which has the effect of correcting and preventing restrictions and distortions on world agricultural markets; On 18 July 2017, India and China jointly submitted a proposal to the World Trade Organization (WTO) calling for industrialized countries to eliminate the most trade-distorting form of agricultural subsidy, known as the “WTO aggregate support measure” or “Amber Box,” to discuss other reforms in the domestic aid negotiations.
 The WTO Agreement on Agriculture provides a framework for long-term reform of agricultural trade and domestic policy with a view to achieving more fair competition and a less distorted sector. What FAO is doing in this complex environment of trade agreements, rules and negotiations, we support them by the Member States: after agreeing that the industrialised countries, in implementing their market access commitments, will take full account of the specific needs and conditions of the members of developing countries, with a greater improvement in