Before Yukon First Nations regained their autonomy, the federal government regulated how they could use their country. Prior to the agreement, Yukon First Nations claimed the country and Yukon resources as all under their ownership.  This was based on the traditional occupation and use of this land. But all Yukon cases were controlled by Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC).  INAC was responsible for implementing programs related to law, land reserves, health, social services and housing. Yukon First Nation groups implemented these programs but did not have the authority to change them.  Negotiations resumed in the late 1980s and culminated in 1990 with the Umbrella Final Agreement (UFA). The UFA serves as a framework or presentation of individual agreements with each of yukon`s 14 federally recognized First Nations. It was signed in 1993 and the four First Nations ratified their focal claim agreements in 1995. To date (January 2016), eleven of the 14 First Nations have signed and ratified an agreement.
Currently, white River First Nation, Liard First Nation and Ross River Dena Council are not negotiating. They remain Indian groups under the Federal India Act.  After many years of negotiations and the hard work of many visionary leaders, the historic Umbrella Final Agreement (UFA) was signed in 1993. It provided the model for the negotiation of individual land agreements (called “final agreements”) with each Yukon nation. The current process began in 1973 with the publication of Together Today For our Children Tomorrow by chef Elijah Smith. Negotiations took place in the late 1970s and early 1980s, culminating in an agreement that was ultimately rejected. Comprehensive land agreements – or modern contracts – are agreements that trade indefinite Aboriginal rights for defined contractual rights and the title of settlement country. Yukon Country`s claims refer to the process of negotiating and executing Aboriginal land claim agreements in Yukon, Canada, between First Nations and the federal government. On the basis of historical occupation and exploitation, First Nations claim fundamental rights in all countries. While the framework agreement provides a framework in which each of Yukon`s 14 First Nations will reach a final claims settlement agreement, all provisions of the UFA are part of each First Nation final agreement (FNF). The final agreements contain the entire text of the framework agreement with the addition of specific provisions applicable to the First Nation. Land rights are established in areas of Canada where Aboriginal land rights have not been governed by previous contracts or other legal means.
In the Yukon, a number of modern contracts of the future, also known as final agreements, have been negotiated to settle these land rights. The final Umbrella Agreement (UFA) was concluded in 1988 and concluded in 1990. This is the general “Umbrella” agreement of the Yukon Landclaims package and provides for the general agreement reached by the three parties in a number of areas. Although the agreement is not a legal document, it is a “political” agreement between the three parties.